Volume 6, Issue 2, April 2018, Page: 53-64
Heavy Metal Sensor Research Based on Microbial Fuel Cell
Yining Wu, State Key Laboratory of Urban Water Resource and Environment, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin, China
Ya Gao, State Key Laboratory of Urban Water Resource and Environment, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin, China
Ling Wang, State Key Laboratory of Urban Water Resource and Environment, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin, China
Hong Qi, School of Environment, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin, China
Received: Jun. 19, 2018;       Published: Jun. 20, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijema.20180602.13      View  731      Downloads  49
In this study, a single chamber microbial fuel cell (MFC) was developed for heavy metal (copper ions) sensor with different concentrations at cathode, and its electrochemical activities in batch-mode operation including polarization curve, power density, anode potential, cathode potential and 30 minutes real-time voltage were characterized and studied. Under the condition of 1000 Ω external resistance, 100 mM PBS buffer and 1000 mg/L COD, results indicated that the real-time voltage of 30 min collected by the data acquisition was linearly developed with the change of concentration gradient, and the polarization curve showed that copper ion concentration and power density reflect a trend of X squared. In addition, the anode and cathode potential collected by the multimeter, also showed a trend of X2. By studying the relationship between electrochemical parameters and heavy metal ion concentration, a reliable correlation could be established to help us to use the detected electrochemical parameters to estimate the concentration of heavy metal ions in the environment of sewage pollution, so as to provide theoretical support for the development of new heavy metal sensors. The results provided new ideas for the practical application of microbial fuel cells.
Microbial Fuel Cell (MFC), Heavy Metal Sensor, Copper Ions, Cathode
To cite this article
Yining Wu, Ya Gao, Ling Wang, Hong Qi, Heavy Metal Sensor Research Based on Microbial Fuel Cell, International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis. Vol. 6, No. 2, 2018, pp. 53-64. doi: 10.11648/j.ijema.20180602.13
Yan Li, Yining Wu, Sampada Puranik, Yu Lei, Timothy Vadas, Bai kun Li. Metals as electron acceptors in single-chamber microbial fuel cells 2014.269: p. 430-439.
Nancharaiah Y V, Venkata M S, Lens P N. Metals removal and recovery in bioelectrochemical systems: A review [J]. Bioresource Technology, 2015.195: p. 102-114.
Abourached C, Catal T, Liu H. Efficacy of single-chamber microbial fuel cells for removal of cadmium and zinc with simultaneous electricity production.[J]. Water Research, 2014.51(6): p. 228.
Modin O, Wang X, Wu X, et al. Bioelectrochemical recovery of Cu, Pb, Cd, and Zn from dilute solutions [J]. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 2012.291(20): p. 235-236.
Choi C, Hu N. The modeling of gold recovery from tetrachloroaurate wastewater using a microbial fuel cell.[J]. Bioresource Technology, 2013, 133C (4): p. 589-598.
Lu Z, Chang D, Ma J, et al. Behavior of metal ions in bioelectrochemical systems: A review [J]. Journal of Power Sources, 2015.275: p. 243-260.
Zhang Y, Yu L, Wu D, et al. Dependency of simultaneous Cr(VI), Cu(II) and Cd(II) reduction on the cathodes of microbial electrolysis cells self-driven by microbial fuel cells [J]. Journal of Power Sources, 2015.273: p. 1103–1113.
Gangad haran P, Nambi I M, Senthilnathan J. Liquid crystal polaroid glass electrode from e-waste for synchronized removal/recovery of Cr(+6) from wastewater by microbial fuel cell [J]. Bioresource Technology, 2015.195: p. 96-101.
Tao H C, Min L, Wei L, et al. Removal of copper from aqueous solution by electrodeposition in cathode chamber of microbial fuel cell [J]. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 2011.189(1-2): p. 186-192.
Wang Z, Lim B, Choi C. Removal of Hg2+ as an electron acceptor coupled with power generation using a microbial fuel cell [J]. Bioresource Technology, 2011.102(10): p. 6304-6307.
Tandukar M, Huber S J, Onodera T, et al. Biological chromium(VI) reduction in the cathode of a microbial fuel cell. [J]. Environmental Science & Technology, 2009.43(21): p. 8159-8165.
Li H, Feng Y, Zou X, et al. Study on microbial reduction of vanadium matallurgical waste water [J]. Hydrometallurgy, 2009.99(1–2): p. 13-17.
You J, Walter X A, Greenman J, et al. Stability and reliability of anodic biofilms under different feedstock conditions: Towards microbial fuel cell sensors [J]. Sensing and Bio-Sensing Research, 2015.6(9):43-50.
Velling S, Tenno T. Different calibration methods of a microbial BOD sensor for analysis of municipal wastewaters [J]. Sensors & Actuators B Chemical, 2009.141(1): p. 233-238.
Stein N E, Hamelers H M V, Straten G V, et al. On-line detection of toxic components using a microbial fuel cell-based biosensor [J]. Journal of Process Control, 2012.22(9): p. 1755-1761.
Shen Y J, Lefebvre O, Tan Z, et al. Microbial fuel-cell-based toxicity sensor for fast monitoring of acidic toxicity [J]. Water Science & Technology, 2012.65(7): p. 1223-1228.
Stein, N, E, Hamelers HVM, Buisman CNJ. Stabiliz-ing the baseline current of a microbial fuel cell-based biosensor through over potential control under non-toxic conditions [J]. Bioelectrochemistry, 2010.78(1): p. 87-91.
Browse journals by subject