Volume 6, Issue 3, June 2018, Page: 84-94
Equilibrium, Kinetic and Adsorption Mechanisms of Chromium (VI) on Characterized Activated Carbon Synthesized from Phosphoric Acid Activation of Coconut Shells
Hakeem Seidu, School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Suzhou University of Science & Technology, Suzhou, China
Dapeng Li, School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Suzhou University of Science & Technology, Suzhou, China
Jing Zhou, School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Suzhou University of Science & Technology, Suzhou, China
Received: May 15, 2018;       Accepted: Jun. 6, 2018;       Published: Jul. 25, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijema.20180603.13      View  618      Downloads  49
Over the years, water pollution due primarily to the discharge of toxic heavy metals from industrial activities has served as a major challenge in our quest to provide clean drinking water to millions of people across the world. Numerous cheap and environmentally friendly methods and technologies have been developed for the treatment of wastewater contaminated with heavy metals. Key among these technologies is the use of adsorbent as it is the most economical and efficient. In this present study, coconut shells were used to develop microporous adsorbent (activated carbon) through chemical activation by phosphoric acid (H3PO4). An analysis of the effect of various process parameters such as pH, temperature, initial metal ion concentration, adsorbent dose and contact time was conducted through batch adsorption of hexavalent chromium [Cr (VI)] on prepared AC sample. Initial Cr (VI) concentration was investigated through a range of 10 – 50 mg/L with the study showing an optimum concentration for AC of 20 mg/L for percentage removal (93.3%) but adsorption capacity (Qe) was highest for 50 mg/L (4.512 mg/g). The optimum conditions for adsorbent dose, contact time and temperature were determined as 6 g/L, 100 minutes and 30°C respectively for the prepared AC. Maximum adsorption was recorded for pH (2) at 88.2 5% (removal) and 4.41 mg/g (adsorption capacity) for AC. The experimental data obtained were modelled using various isotherms, including adsorption equilibrium isotherms, adsorption kinetic study and adsorption mechanisms with positive correlations (better fit) obtained for Freundlich isotherm, D-R isotherm (slightly), pseudo-second-order kinetic and Boyd models.
Activated Carbon, Adsorption, Adsorption Capacity, Percentage Adsorption, Isotherms, Equilibrium, Kinetic, Models
To cite this article
Hakeem Seidu, Dapeng Li, Jing Zhou, Equilibrium, Kinetic and Adsorption Mechanisms of Chromium (VI) on Characterized Activated Carbon Synthesized from Phosphoric Acid Activation of Coconut Shells, International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis. Vol. 6, No. 3, 2018, pp. 84-94. doi: 10.11648/j.ijema.20180603.13
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