Volume 7, Issue 4, August 2019, Page: 75-84
Assessment of Housing Needs in the Core Area of Akure, Nigeria
Gbenga Enisan, Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria
Received: Jan. 10, 2019;       Accepted: Mar. 12, 2019;       Published: Sep. 21, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijema.20190704.11      View  32      Downloads  7
Abstract
This research examined housing needs in the core area of Akure, Nigeria. This was carried out by identifying the existing housing stock, housing condition and the extent of housing needs in the study area. Six residential neighborhoods were selected from the core area of the city due to their homogeneity characteristics. The study made used of the existing demographic and land use characteristics, primary and secondary data were used for the data collection. A total number of 198 buildings were selected and sampled in the area. Literature was also consulted for proper understanding of the subject matter. The study revealed that, houses in the study area had poor environmental outlook. On housing condition, 50% of the dwellings assessed were either sub-standard or unfit for human habitation. More than 50% of the residential buildings had one or more major defects. Some of the houses were overcrowded and subjected to tenant’s abuse by internal conversion to increase the occupancy rate. The research recommends the need for affordable housing strategy, governmental and institutional intervention to cater for general inadequacies of infrastructures, such as roads, drains, waste disposal and recreational facilities. Stakeholders should collaborate towards enforceable standards for redevelopment and upgrading that could guarantee sustainable development.
Keywords
Housing Needs, Residential, Core Area, Development
To cite this article
Gbenga Enisan, Assessment of Housing Needs in the Core Area of Akure, Nigeria, International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis. Vol. 7, No. 4, 2019, pp. 75-84. doi: 10.11648/j.ijema.20190704.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
Afolabi, A. (2008). Housing policy formulation in developing countries: Evidence of programme implementation from Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria. Housing Policy Formulation in Developing Countries, 23 (2), 125-134.
[2]
Agbola, T. (1998). The housing of Nigerians: A review of policy development and implementation, Research report, 14, Development Policy Centre. Ibadan.
[3]
Arati, S., Macwan, J., & Dhiraj, S. (2012,). Urbanization and its impact on housing. p. 1.
[4]
Arayela, o. (2004). Towards a sustainable housing programme: the recurring problem of inadequate housing suppy and urban degradation environmental in Nigeria. Proceedings of XXXII World Congress on Housing at the International Conference on Sustainability of housing project (pp. 21-25). University of Trento, Italy, Trento: International Association of Science (IAHS).
[5]
Bratt, R. (2002). Housing and family well-being. Housing Studies 17: 13-26.
[6]
Briggs, X. (2003). Housing opportunity, desegregation strategy, and policy research. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management 22: 201-6.
[7]
Burchell, Robert, Litosken. (1995). Influences on United States housing policy. Housing Policy Debate 6: 559-617.
[8]
Coker, A., Awokola, O., Olomolaiye, P., & Booth, C. (2008). Challenges of urban housing quality and its associations with neighborhoods environments: Insights and experiences of Ibadan City, Nigeria. Journal of Environmental Health Research, 7 (1), 21-30.
[9]
Dunn, James R. (2000). Housing and health inequalities: Review and prospects for research. Housing Studies 15: 341-66.
[10]
Enisan, O. F. (2017). Effects of land prices on housing densities in residential estates of Akure, Nigeria. Ph.D Seminar presented at the Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Federal University of Technology, Akure. October, 2017.
[11]
Federal Government of Nigeria, F. (2004). National housing policy for Nigeria. Abuja: Federal Ministry of Works and Housing.
[12]
Galster, G. (2005). A review of existing research on the effects of federally assisted housing programs on neighboring residential property values. Chicago, IL: National Association of Realtors.
[13]
Jargowsky. (2006). Concentration of poverty and metropolitan development. Paper read at Concentrated Poverty: What, Where and Why. Dallas, Texas.
[14]
Katz, B. (2006). Racial division and concentrated poverty. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution.
[15]
National Population Census. (2006). the priority tables generated from the 2006 population and housing census. Abuja: NPC.
[16]
Nkwogu, u. (2001). Sustainable urban development policy issues in Nigeria. Architects and architecture in Nigeria: a tribute to Prof. E. A. Adeyemi, 117-208.
[17]
Olanrewaju, D. (2001). Urban infrastructure a critique of urban renewal process. Ijora Badia: Habitat International 20.
[18]
Olotuah, A. (1997). The house: accessibility and development - A critical evaluation of the Nigerian. In B. Amole (Ed.), Proceedings of the National Symposium (pp. 312-317). Ile – Ife, Nigeria: Obafemi Awolowo University.
[19]
Olotuah, A. (2002). An Appraisal of the Impact of Urban Services on Housing in Akure Metropolis. Journal of Science, Engineering and Technology, 4 (9), 4570-4582.
[20]
Olotuah, A. (2005). Sustainable urban housing provision in Nigeria: A critical assessment of development option. Proceedings of the Africa Union of Architects Congress, (pp. 64-74). Abuja.
[21]
Olotuah, A. (2015). Accessibility of low-income earners to public housing in Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria. Journal of Civil and Environmental Research, 7 (7), 1-5.
[22]
Olotuah, A., & Taiwo, A. (2015). Housing strategies and quality of housing in Nigeria: what lessons from Wales? Developing Country Studies, 5 (16), 1-3.
[23]
Olotuah, A. O., Aiyetan, A. O. (2006). Sustainable low-cost housing provision in Nigeria: a bottom-up, participatory approach. Proceedings of 22nd Annual ARCOM Conference, 2, 633-639.
[24]
Olujinmi, I. (2000). SINA Technical Workshop on Housing Co-operative, Nairobi. Nairobi.
[25]
Rivkin, Steven G. (1994). Residential segregation and school integration. Sociology of Education 67: 279-92.
[26]
Squires, Gregory, Kubrin. (2005). Privileged places: Race, uneven development and the geography of opportunity in urban America. Urban Studies 42: 47-68.
[27]
United Nation Population Fund [UNPF] (2017). The power of 1.8 billion: adolescents, youth and the transformation of the future. State of World Population 2017 Report, United Nation Population Fund (UNPR). www.unfpa.org.
[28]
UN-Habitat (2016). Urbanization and development: Emerging futures. World cities report, 2016. Kenya: United Nation Human Settlement Programmes.
Browse journals by subject